Have you wondered how clicking a button on the screen will lead you to another page or performs a specified action? Well, this is called front-end development and the people who design such developments are called front end developers. There is high demand for the professional front end developers in today’s world because it is highly impossible to enjoy the internet blackholes without these developers. If you’re starting as a fresher, then some mandatory skills is necessary to master before you apply for your first job as a front end developer. Let’s dig in to find out.


These terms are standard even for people who do not know programming or the technical fields. Because they’re that important, it is impossible to run a website without HTML or CSS. Hence, it is a mandatory skill to master in these languages. HTML is a markup language that is used to create web pages, while CSS is used to represent the documents you create in HTML, according to your specifications and designs.



JavaScript is the first programming language that acts as an essential tool for front end developers. It is mainly necessary to handle interactive web pages and contains audio, video or the abilities to scroll.

CSS and JavaScript Frameworks

They’re necessary along with the JS and CSS tool knowledge. For instance, imagine logging into a website and trying to search for a blog. This initial work is done by the JavaScript and CSS frameworks that contain predefined files to perform specific actions. There are numerous frameworks available, combing which you can make our website thousands of times more attractive and interactive, but these two are the primary ones required.

CSS preprocessing

CSS alone does not allow you to define a predefined function, values, arthematic operations etc. For this reason, it is essential to use CSS preprocessing. Instead of repeating the code for repetitive tasks, using preprocessors makes your life easy as a developer.

GIT/Version Control

It is vital to learn at least one crucial version control tools like the GIT. Imagine writing your HTML, CSS and JS code, after various revisions it finally works. But due to some error, you lose the code! It isn’t delightful to start over. By using version control tools, you can track your code in a repository like GIT, to prevent such blunders.

Responsive design

Responsive design

We use different screens on a daily basis. The way a website appears on a laptop, is not the same as it appears on the phone. This is called responsive design, and it is essential for front end developers as they need to build a website that is compatible with all screens and devices.

Testing and debugging

Writing the code for an efficient website is half the work, whereas the other half is testing and debugging the code. Although big companies have a separate team of testers working on this section, it is vital to have the primary knowledge of the basics of the tools.

Cross-browser development

After you site is created, it is crucial to know how the site renders with the web browser, which is again a front end developer’s headache.

Content management systems

Content management systems

Almost all websites are built on content management systems with one of the most popular ones being WordPress.

Soft skills

Along with the skills as mentioned above, it is essential to develop soft skills like personality development, confidence and also problem-solving skills to build and adjust to a growing team.